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Spring 源码解析(二十五)finishRefresh

号外:限时领取:2020,全网最新、最全的技术知识体系

摘要: 本文结合《Spring源码深度解析》来分析Spring 5.0.6版本的源代码。若有描述错误之处,欢迎指正。

在 Spring 中还提供了 Lifecycle 接口, Lifecycle 中包含start/stop方法,实现此接口后Spring会保证在启动的时候调用其start方法开始生命周期,并在Spring关闭的时候调用 stop方法来结束生命周期,通常用来配置后台程序,在启动后一直运行(如对 MQ 进行轮询等)。而ApplicationContext的初始化最后正是保证了这一功能的实现。

/**
 * Finish the refresh of this context, invoking the LifecycleProcessor's
 * onRefresh() method and publishing the
 * {@link org.springframework.context.event.ContextRefreshedEvent}.
 */
protected void finishRefresh() {
    // Clear context-level resource caches (such as ASM metadata from scanning).
    clearResourceCaches();

    // Initialize lifecycle processor for this context.
    initLifecycleProcessor();

    // Propagate refresh to lifecycle processor first.
    getLifecycleProcessor().onRefresh();

    // Publish the final event.
    publishEvent(new ContextRefreshedEvent(this));

    // Participate in LiveBeansView MBean, if active.
    LiveBeansView.registerApplicationContext(this);
}

一、initLifecycleProcessor

当ApplicationContext启动或停止时,它会通过LifecycleProcessor来与所有声明的bean的周期做状态更新,而在LifecycleProcessor的使用前首先需要初始化。

/**
 * Initialize the LifecycleProcessor.
 * Uses DefaultLifecycleProcessor if none defined in the context.
 * @see org.springframework.context.support.DefaultLifecycleProcessor
 */
protected void initLifecycleProcessor() {
    ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = getBeanFactory();
    if (beanFactory.containsLocalBean(LIFECYCLE_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME)) {
        this.lifecycleProcessor =
                beanFactory.getBean(LIFECYCLE_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME, LifecycleProcessor.class);
        if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
            logger.trace("Using LifecycleProcessor [" + this.lifecycleProcessor + "]");
        }
    }
    else {
        DefaultLifecycleProcessor defaultProcessor = new DefaultLifecycleProcessor();
        defaultProcessor.setBeanFactory(beanFactory);
        this.lifecycleProcessor = defaultProcessor;
        beanFactory.registerSingleton(LIFECYCLE_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME, this.lifecycleProcessor);
        if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
            logger.trace("Unable to locate LifecycleProcessor with name '" +
                    LIFECYCLE_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME +
                    "': using default [" + this.lifecycleProcessor + "]");
        }
    }
}

二、onRefresh

启动所有实现了Lifecycle接口的bean。

@Override
public void onRefresh() {
    startBeans(true);
    this.running = true;
}

// Internal helpers

private void startBeans(boolean autoStartupOnly) {
    Map<String, Lifecycle> lifecycleBeans = getLifecycleBeans();
    Map<Integer, LifecycleGroup> phases = new HashMap<>();
    lifecycleBeans.forEach((beanName, bean) -> {
        if (!autoStartupOnly || (bean instanceof SmartLifecycle && ((SmartLifecycle) bean).isAutoStartup())) {
            int phase = getPhase(bean);
            LifecycleGroup group = phases.get(phase);
            if (group == null) {
                group = new LifecycleGroup(phase, this.timeoutPerShutdownPhase, lifecycleBeans, autoStartupOnly);
                phases.put(phase, group);
            }
            group.add(beanName, bean);
        }
    });
    if (!phases.isEmpty()) {
        List<Integer> keys = new ArrayList<>(phases.keySet());
        Collections.sort(keys);
        for (Integer key : keys) {
            phases.get(key).start();
        }
    }
}

三、publishEvent

当完成ApplicationContext初始化的时候,要通过Spring中的事件发布机制来发出ContextRefreshedEvent事件,以保证对应的监听器可以做进一步的逻辑处理。

/**
 * Publish the given event to all listeners.
 * <p>Note: Listeners get initialized after the MessageSource, to be able
 * to access it within listener implementations. Thus, MessageSource
 * implementations cannot publish events.
 * @param event the event to publish (may be an {@link ApplicationEvent}
 * or a payload object to be turned into a {@link PayloadApplicationEvent})
 */
@Override
public void publishEvent(Object event) {
    publishEvent(event, null);
}

/**
 * Publish the given event to all listeners.
 * @param event the event to publish (may be an {@link ApplicationEvent}
 * or a payload object to be turned into a {@link PayloadApplicationEvent})
 * @param eventType the resolved event type, if known
 * @since 4.2
 */
protected void publishEvent(Object event, @Nullable ResolvableType eventType) {
    Assert.notNull(event, "Event must not be null");

    // Decorate event as an ApplicationEvent if necessary
    ApplicationEvent applicationEvent;
    if (event instanceof ApplicationEvent) {
        applicationEvent = (ApplicationEvent) event;
    }
    else {
        applicationEvent = new PayloadApplicationEvent<>(this, event);
        if (eventType == null) {
            eventType = ((PayloadApplicationEvent) applicationEvent).getResolvableType();
        }
    }

    // Multicast right now if possible - or lazily once the multicaster is initialized
    if (this.earlyApplicationEvents != null) {
        this.earlyApplicationEvents.add(applicationEvent);
    }
    else {
        getApplicationEventMulticaster().multicastEvent(applicationEvent, eventType);
    }

    // Publish event via parent context as well...
    if (this.parent != null) {
        if (this.parent instanceof AbstractApplicationContext) {
            ((AbstractApplicationContext) this.parent).publishEvent(event, eventType);
        }
        else {
            this.parent.publishEvent(event);
        }
    }
}

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